periodontal disease risk factors

Risk Factors

Periodontitis is a severe gum infection that destroys the supporting tissues and bones of the teeth. Some serious periodontal diseases can cause hazardous health problems. Periodontics is the most advanced specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and rectification of the periodontal diseases. The major cause of this disease is the bacteria which are caused by poor dental hygiene.


Symptoms of Periodontitis

There are various symptoms which can help you find whether you are suffering from a gum infection are

  • Bad Breath
  • Swollen Gums
  • Pus inside the tooth

Factors That Increase the Risk of Periodontitis

There are many factors which can increase the risk of the periodontal disease. The risk factors can be genital, psychological and physical. Some of them are

  • Heredity
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Smoking
  • Osteoporosis
  • Poor oral care
  • Gingivitis
  • Hormonal changes

There are many advanced treatments and surgeries which can cure these dental issues from getting worse.

Complications of Periodontitis:

Sometimes these gum diseases can lead to serious problems. The bacteria that cause the gum disease can even worsen the health issues and may lead to heart attacks and lungs infection. Some of the other problems associated with periodontitis are

  • Tooth loss
  • Respiratory Problems
  • Coronary Artery diseases

Treatments for Periodontitis

The treatment of periodontitis is usually done by a periodontist. There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments that can cure your gum disease. The periodontist will recommend you the treatment based on the periodontal examinations.

Dental Care to Avoid Periodontitits

There are many factors that lead to the cause of periodontal diseases, but the major is oral hygiene. A poor oral hygiene will lead to bacterial infection and later on to serious gum diseases. It is always wise to keep your teeth clean and healthy.


Authored By Dr.C.M.Bejoy Mony, M.D.S.

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